>> two al jazeera journalists jailed for 411 days have been granted bail as their retrial begins in cairo. >> hello welcome to the world news at al jazeera. a breakthrough on the ukraine crisis a ceasefire after hours of tough negotiations in belarus. >> the korean air executive who flew into a rage over a packet of nuts has been found guilty of violating aviation safety.
>> greeks show support for their new government, but debt talks with the e.u. have failed so far. >> an egyptian court grand two al jazeera journalists bail. mohamed fahmy and baher mohammed have been detained 411 days accused of colluding with the outlawed muslim brotherhood chars they and al jazeera deny. their colleague australian peter greste was freed and deported february 1 after spending 400 days behind bars. their trial will resume on february 23. we have a report. >> al jazeera english's cairo bureau chief mohamed fahmy and producer baher mohammed were arrested on september 29, 2013 alongside correspondent peter greste. initially, their detention was
believed to be temporary based on problems with their media accreditations. within days, they were held on terrorism charges alleging they were aiding the outlawed muslim brotherhood. the journalists and al jazeera rejected the charges. so did the global media community, protestors around the world demonstrating in solidarity with the three men. when the trial finally began in february the three pleaded not guilty. the procedures were ridiculed by legal experts around the world. evidence presented by the prosecution included footage from a different channel, music found on the journalist lap tops and some of peter's work in africa. on june 23 the verdict guilty. mohamed and peter were sentenced to seven years baher ordered to spend a decade behind bars. six others were sentenced to 10 years in prison in absentia.
credited six came from around the world. >> we've been clear both publicly and privately that they should be released. >> they had to wait several months for the case to be reviewed the court found the original trial failed the court failed to prove there was a link to the muslim brotherhood. a retrial was ordered. a new cree by president al sisi offered hope for two men, greste and australian, and fahmy were eligible to apply for deportation, not available to egyptian baher mohammed. diplomatic efforts continued alongside the slow-moving legal process and on february 1, peter greste was freed on his 400th day in detention met by his relieved family in the airport. his unconditional release was
met with sadness and frustration. >> amidst this relief, i still feel a sense of concern a real sense of worry because if it's appropriate for me, right for me to be free, then it's right for all of them to be free. >> his release raised expectation that is fahmy's freedom was i amment, but it came clear that he, too be would stand alongside baher in court their future in the hands of the egyptian judiciary but for now they're back at home with their families. >> let's look a little more closely then at who or colleagues are, mohamed fahmy is an award canadian egyptian journalist who was our cairo bureau chief in december, 2013. before joining al jazeera he worked for the new york times cnn and the international committee of the red cross. he's 40 years old and he has degrees from montreal's lasalle college and vancouver city
university. he's also an accomplished author written a book about his time working as in a interpreter as a journalist in iraq an 2002 and co wrote a book on the 2011 egyptian revolution. he's now got a permanent shoulder injury, due to the length of time he spent in prison without adequate medical care. mohamed's brother and fiancee spoke to journalists after court adjourned. >> everything, abide by everything in the egyptian law and i'm sure he's, you know, he's been vindicated by this, and completely vindicated later on in this case. everything was possible, but we wanted to keep ourselves, you know like not so excited, and wanted to expect the worst but we got something so. >> i just want to say thank you egypt, thank you for doing the right thing. i would like to thank my country
that i love for doing the right thing. i'm very happy. i'm very happy. time for me and mohamed to be relaxed. >> let's look at baher. he is an egyptian journalist working as a producer in al jazeera's cairo bureau at the time of his arrest. he's 30 years old and he started his career as a researcher and producer for a japanese channel. he missed the birth of his third child while he was in prison. it was a baby boy born in august 2014. let's hear from his wife, who reacted after the bail decision. >> i'm really happy. it's a dream that's come true. we've been waiting for this moment for more than a year now. i can't wait to tell our kids and get them ready to meet their
dad. i'm hoping that the official procedures are swift and easy so we can be reunited quickly. we shall carry on until all the charges are dropped. >> we'll talk to jeffery robinson former u.n. appeals judge live now from london. thank you for talking to us here at al jazeera. how optimistic do you think we should be now that bail has been granted to our two colleagues in cairo? >> well, everyone is very happy obviously that they're out on bail but they should have been given bail 411 days ago and it's a terrible indictment of the egyptian judiciary. they've been kept in prison, innocent men for that period of time. now, they're being used as, in effect scapegoats, the cat and mouse game is being played by the egyptian government. they've let peter greste go, but
of course, mr. fahmy who's position is exactly the same, he's no longer an egyptian citizen, he's a canadian, seven years imprisonment on trumped up charges, he should follow, and so logically and legally, he should be deported next week, and it will be down to the al jazeera one on february 23 now it's before some very poor, lousy judges. in fact at the first level of egyptian authority who are really government officials and know what the government decides, it can get away with. hopefully in any kind of legal system, you have an appeal court, which earlier this week gave its reasons for quashing the conviction of the al jazeera three. it said there was no evidence of terrorism. there was no evidence of any connection with the banned
muslim brotherhood so it's the prosecution, which of course is directly linked to the government have any decency or sense of law, they will drop the charges february 23. the court would actually throw them out. we are in a political situation not a legal one. it's as i say a cot and mouse game which is designed and has been very successful in chilling journalism and stopping any coverage of the opposition to an authoritarian rule of president al sisi. i think the egyptians have got on very well, not getting any criticism, because all the media are cowered by this proceeding and they may continue whether they decide they have served their purpose or will continue
further. >> jeffery, thank you very much indeed. we do have to move along now thank you very much indeed. mr. fahmy should be released and then focus on the 16,000 people who have been arrested simply for political protest and their languishing in egyptian prisons. >> thank you. >> a ceasefire has been announced for eastern ukraine. leaders from russia, ukraine france and germany have been holding talks in minsk. the ceasefire is due to start in three days from now and heavy weapons are due to be withdrawn. rory challands reports from minsk. >> vladimir putin described it as not the best night of his
life. presumably the other leaders agree. more than 15 hours of wrangling trying to reach a breakthrough on ukraine. the waiting journalists had many hopes of an announcement dashed, then well into thursday morning it came. >> the first thing it's a ceasefire from the 15th of february secondly, position and that i believe the most important, very important it's a withdrawal of heavy weapons. >> these have been incredibly touch negotiations, going in, the germans were down beat about chances of success. even now with the agreement signed, angela merkel said much hard work remains. >> i am under no illusion and we are under no illusion that a lot of work is still necessary but there is a real chance to improve things. germany and france, france and
germany together showed we have made a contribution in accordance with europe. >> of course, we have been here before literally minsk welcomes leaders for a peace summit back in the late summer of 2014, but the ceasefire quickly fell apart. the agreements were never properly implemented. you can sign as many pieces of paper as you want, but it's what happens on the ground that matters. >> in eastern ukraine the fighting and the dying continue as the leaders talked. the separatists' representatives have signed the new deal, enforcing the agreed demilitarized zone, pulling back heavy artillery making sure hostages are released and pushing through assurances of political reform in the east will be a torturous process with many opportunities for failure. rory challands, al jazeera minsk. >> the ukraine president petro poroshenko is now due to arrive
in brussels, where european leaders are also gathering for their summit. it's just underway, i believe simon mcgregor wood is there. have the leaders who were up all night in minsk have they managed to get themselves to brussels in time for this important meeting? >> yes, they have. just in the last few minutes angela merkel was the last of the three, petro poroshenko arrived, francois hollande arrived, so this delayed meeting, the summit is now underway in the next few minutes and they will get a briefing from the three of the four participants who were at the all night session in minsk. there is a certain amount of enthusiasm to find out the details here. european leaders want to know what's in the fine print if you like and the others walking in, david cameron and others have expressed some relief, enthusiasm that a deal was forged but quite a lot of
skepticism as well about how durable it is and in what way we can justifiably be more optimistic about this minsk agreement over the last, which of course soon fell apart. lots of questions to be answered and we will hear later at the end of the day whether or not european leaders are satisfied with what they've heard. i think one thing they will be relieved not having to do today is to discuss ratcheting up sanctions against russia. that was one option that the minsk process proofed not successful. a failure to forge a deal might bring up the subject of whether or not they should provide arms and they are relieved they won't have to discuss either of those options now. >> thank you very much. he will be keeping us updated in brussels as european leaders
meet again. points out from minsk what really matters is what's happening on the ground. we can hear from charles stratford in eastern ukraine in donetsk. >> in eastern ukraine in the wake of this new truce agreement, separatist leaders saying on the one side they are hopeful and have to give this peace effort a chance, but on the other saying there is a lot more consultation, a lot more that needs to be done, a very complicated agreement that needs to be implemented in that in the meantime the violence has continued in the last 24 hours here. we visit add hospital in donetsk, at least one person killed in a shelling there three shells hitting that hospital. we also went down to the front lines south of donetsk and we heard a lot of shelling there. we spoke to a rebel commander who said he was prepared to lay down his weapons when given the command, but only then. we are also hearing reports of a lot of heavy shelling around the city of luhansk and then of
course there is the disputed town of debaltseve, which the separatists claim they have completely surrounded, a lot of heavy shelling and fighting in that area, too so despite some agreement and this push for a new truce, a lot more to be done and the fighting here at eastern ukraine continues. >> thank you for that from donetsk. >> still to come on this program, al-qaeda fighters stormed two army brigades in southern yemen. >> make natural resources work for the people. >> for the people, why not just one, but two conferences on mining are underway in south africa.
>> let's look at the top stories here at al jazeera. another ceasefire has been announced for eastern ukraine due to go into effect february 15. leaders from russia, ukraine france and germany have been holding talks in the belarus capitol, minsk. fighting continues in east issue ukraine in the stronghold of donetsk. >> an egyptian court granted bail to two al jazeera journalists, mohamed fahmy and baher mohammed have been detained 411 days in cairo accused of colluding with the outlawed muslim brotherhood. the trial reassumes february 23. >> al jazeera cannot report from
cairo, but we can talk to cnn corresponded ian lee. you were in court today. take us through exactly what happened. >> this wasn't much optimism going into the trial people expected this to be drown out as well. one of the highlights is when mohamed fahmy gave a very passionate speech in front of the judge talking about giving up his nationality a subject very sensitive to him. he did so, he said, according to what the intelligence told him the national security told him that it would help him be extra dated out of the country. after that, he waived an egyptian flag, went back into the cage that they have for the defendants. the judge then went on recess. he came back and he gave a
ruling that i don't think a lot of people were expecting when he decided to let them all go out, mohamed on bail and released bar mohammed as well. here going to try to get him the same deal, extra dated to canada talk to the judge and see what the next step is for that. what held it up, what held up his extradition before was the prosecution, that they weren't willing to sign off on the last piece of paperwork. now it's up to the judge it's his decision. he'll sign off send it to the president that f. that is going to go through and mohamed could be expedited, as well. his brother was very animate that they're going to follow every step of the allow to get him released so he could come back here. his wife was in court today the
first time ever, as well. she was in tears when she learned her husband would be ail to go home. she told us that she is going to buy. >> clothes and sweets for her children so they can celebrate as a family. baher was in prison when one of his children were born, sow's going to be looking forward to that. the trial is february 23. it's not over yet. they could still be found guilty depending on what the judge rules, but this is a far more lenient judge. >> thank you for providing us with that detail about our colleagues. thank you very much. >> let's go to south crow i can't where a former airline executive has been jailed for over a year over a bag of nuts. she force add korean air jet to return to the terminal and off load the steward because she didn't like the way he'd served
her. we have more from seoul. >> in custody since december, she was at least spared the gauntlet of cameras at the western district court. she was brought by bus from jail to the back entrance. it wouldn't be long before she'd make the return journey as a convicted criminal. it ments an incredible foul from vice president at korean air just one arm of the giant family firm putting her among south korea's elite. her lawyer said no decision had been made on whether to appeal after his client was found guilty of breaking aviation law by changing the flight path of the plane and interfering in the pilot's and cabin crew's execution of their duty. on december 5 in the first class cabin of this plane on a new york runway, she reacted with if youfury for being served nuts in a bag and not on a plate. she forced the pilot to return to the gate.
he would later testified that she treated him as his colleague as saves forcing them to kneel before her. another executive was sentenced to eight months for impeding the investigation. a to answer port official was given a suspended sentence. it was for her that the judge reserved his archest language seeing her expressions of regret were insincere and she trample would the regard of fellow human beings. >> it's another instance of how much privilege these powerful people have. >> the court might have thought the sentence was appropriate but from an ordinary citizen's perspective, it is small. >> people make mistakes. i don't think this should have been viewed as an issue of the powerful versus the rest. >> as she egypted in indignanting a 2004 months ago she could hardly imagine it would lead to a one year prison
term. for many, she's come to symbolize the kind of behavior these families have been getting away with for too long. >> a failed breakout attempt in taiwan ended with six inmates committing suicide. the prisoners seized weapons and took a warden and guard hostage. police asked a well known gang leader to try to talk the prisoners into surrendering, but the siege ended when the inmates shot themselves. they were all convicted of murder and drug offenses. >> al-qaeda fighters have talked two army bases in southeastern yemen. they died when the armed group stormed army big guide 19. soon after a similar base was attacked nearby. >> the greek proposal to revise
its debt terms didn't seem to make much headway in talks with its european creditors on wednesday, while the greek camp held out hope there could be movement in the next round of talks. >> it was my ambition to agree on the steps to take the next couple of days so we could spend them well and make more progress between now and monday. unfortunately, weaver not been able to do that, so we will continue our talks on monday, and move on from there. >> our proposal is very simple. no aggressive moves on our part. we're simply asking for some time to look at propose also here and be given a chance to agree, the fact that we have a freshman date doesn't give us the right to do whatever we want but does give us the right to be heard. >> crashing commodity prices
increased the pressure on africa's mining sector. to talk about these challenges facing the industry, there are not one but two conferences being held in africa. while the slumps profits are discussed, there is discussion on the work conditions of minorrers. >> in the beautiful seaside location nowhere near any of africa's mines thousands of executives and industry people have gathered for a four day conference. >> international people here are from china australia, south america, canada, so it really is an international event aimed at progressing the mining industry in africa. >> much of the agenda has concentrated on the slump in commodities prices, at their lowest in years and about government policy and taxation impacting international investment.
africa's minerals minister has tried to alleviate fears that the electricity prices in his country would affect the mining industry. >> we can begin to resolve energy challenges that face us. we understand that there cannot be mining without electricity i don't while these delegates are talking about slumping profits and issues of energy supply, elsewhere in cape pawn, there's an alternative conference happening there. they are talking about all the issues they think these people are ignoring. >> some of the issues they are not concerned about is communities, they are not really concerned about social issues, and they are not concerned about justice, it is profits above all costs. >> he said those profits aren't trickling down to those working in the mines. last year, a five month strike overcame conditions in the platinum mines all but shut down
production of the metal in south africa. in 2012, more than 40 people were killed when police end fire on striking workers at the mine. people like malcolm damon at the alternative minerals conference say the mining industry isn't doing enough to look at those working. >> make natural resources work for the people. that's the theme of this conference and that's what our mission to be to those more than 7,000 people at the mining -- >> many of the minerals are used in making mobile phones and electronics are extracted from african earth so an economy rests on the strength of the mining industry. industry executives are waiting for the clouds to lift and prices and profit to say recover.
for mining watch dogs, they hope it won't be at a high social cost. al jazeera, cape town, africa. >> you can keep right up to date as ever with all the days developing stories on the al jazeera website aljazeera.com. >> this week on "talk to al jazeera" danish editor and author flemming rose. in 2005 he commissioned cartoons of the prophet muhammed. >> that cartoon is not targeted muslims it's targeting a . >> in juldz posten. >> that's what makes them so difficult to handle.